Acne as a skin condition is a seemingly everlasting inflammatory
syndrome of the pilosebaceous units. These units are better known
as hair follicles and attacehd sebaceous glands - structures found
over most of the body, but especially numerous on the face, neck,
Acne is the most common skin disorder seen worldwide. Acne results
from the activity of the sebaceous glands, which are connected
enclose a fine hair. Acne is generated when sebaceous glands
produce a surplus of sebum and this sebum subsequently forms a
plug in the hair follicle. The
blockage prevents newly produced sebum from getting the surface
of the skin through the pore.
The sebum plug also allows the bacteria propionibacterium acnes,
that is regularly found in human skin, to proliferate. The growth
of P. acne is causes swelling, redness,
Both inflammatory and noninflammatory lesions characterize
acne as a skin condition. Inflammatory lesions include papules,
wounds that generally come out as small, pink bumps on the skin
and can be tender to the touch; pustules, or pimples, which are
papules crowned by pus-filled lesions that may be red at the base;
and nodules, big, painful, solid lesions that are lodged deep
within the skin. Noninflammatory lesions embrace comedones, which
are skin pimples. A comedo can be either a whitehead or a blackhead.
If the plugged follicle remains under the external layer of the
skin, the lesion is termed a closed comedo, or whitehead. They
frequently come out on the skin as small, whitish swellings. But,
if the plug expands and pushes through the surface of the skin,
it is termed an open comedo, or blackhead.
Acne concerns most teenagers to some extent. Yet, this disorder
is not exclusive of any age group; adults in their 20s, and even
in their 40s, can get acne. Acne, as a skin condition, generally
sets off from the age group of twelve to seventeen in its mild
form. It acquires a more severe form in mid-teens; severe enough
to the point of making 40% of affected adolescents see a physician
for treatment. Acne appears in both sexes; however, teenage boys
progress through to severe cases. Adults as well are unable to
get away from this disease. 20% of adults, especially women, experience
mild to moderate forms of acne in their thirties and beyond.
For women, menarche can also be a common time when acne develops.
Categorizing of acne as a skin condition is necessary to establish
the correct therapeutic approach. Mild acne can be entirely comedonal
or papulopustular. Moderate acne is characterized by many comedones,
with the presence of some pustules and a few nodules, but no enduring
scarring. In severe acne there are several papulopustules and
many nodules as well as marked inflammation and scarring. Finally,
very severe acne is characterized by the presence of grouped comedones,
several deeply located nodules, and serious inflammation and scarring.
Even though acne is not a life threatening health condition,
it undoubtedly has a great impact on self-esteem and emotional
well-being. Not only does acne exert influence on a personal
level and how people feel about themselves, but also to a
degree socially as well. It can turn into a powerful wound that
may leave people scarred
psychologically. So, even though acne is a skin condition, successful
healing can radically improve a person’s quality of life.
In order to treat acne properly, a comprehensive medical and
family history should be taken. Certain medicines may worsen acne
and interact with the prescribed drugs, and a family history of
severe acne suggests a more extended course. The extent of the
disease, past and present responses to therapy and skin type are
also important issues that will guide therapeutic conclusions.